2022NR. 1 / 2022 (IANUARIE-APRILIE)Studii

 TEMEIURI ALE ISIHASMULUI ÎN SPIRITUALITATEA PATRISTICĂ PRIN BOTEZUL ÎN MOARTEA LUI HRISTOS ȘI ÎMBRĂCAREA VIEȚII SALE, DOVEDITĂ CA ADEVĂR LA ÎNVIERE – AUTOR: ARHID. PROF. UNIV. DR. IOAN CARAZA

By 13 iulie 2022ianuarie 29th, 2024No Comments

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Abstract: The apostolic fervour of the first centuries became, in the fourth one, a need of faith, as a result of captivating the sacrificial love of Christ the Bridegroom for the Church (Matthew 9:15). Then, the Cappadocian Holy Fathers showed to advantage the incandescence of faith of those who bore testimony in the first centuries, among whom Origen was the foremost. This was a way of God’s plan for strengthening the Church in faith. Christ called the perfect ones in serving Him to bear the cross of avoiding disputes, which can exchange the gift of His life for human rights. For the church history, the principle of providence in history is vital, without which, as T.M. Popescu says, a church history could not be established, because the science and erudition could not ensure its spiritual objectivity. The historians of the fourth century do not draw a distinction between God “The Pantocrator” of the first patristic period, and God “The Almighty” to Whom He was reduced by the arian and nestorian heresies which denied the Resurrection as God’s omnipotence. In the paper, it is also put into discussion the Orthodox meaning of Pantocrator, which in the East signifies “Omnipotent”, but Which the scholastics translated by “Almighty”, term integrated into legal categories. Saint Cyril of Alexandria made evident the unique role of the Mother of God in bearing testimony to Christ as God.


Cuvinte-cheie: isihasm; istorie; teologie; botez; providență; hristologie pnevmatologică;
deoființime; Atotputernic; Atotțiitor


Summary: The apostolic fervour of the first centuries used to have the glory of Christ’s power of gathering and the strength of His power of staying under the cross until martyrdom, became in the fourth century a need of faith, as a result of captivating the sacrificial love of Christ the Bridegroom for the Church. Then, the Cappadocian Holy Fathers showed to advantage the incandescence of faith of those who bore testimony to Christ in the first centuries, among whom Origen was the foremost. This was a way of God’s plan for strengthening the Church in faith.  Christ called the perfect ones in serving Him to bear the cross of avoiding disputes, which can exchange the gift of His life for human rights. For, in order not to disunite the sciences, among which the historical and philosophical ones need to be liturgized, it is only that way that the apostolic grace can be shared. In the apostolic Church, the joy was being caused by the “breaking the bread” (The Acts 2:42): “and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, were multiplied” (The Acts 9:31). For the Holy Fathers, providence does not dissociate from history, but which, in the christian meaning, has a finality, that history as a science considers non-scientific. For the church history, the principle of providence in history is vital, without which, as T.M. Popescu says, a church history could not be established, because the science and erudition could not ensure its spiritual objectivity. The historians of the fourth century do not draw a distinction between God “The Pantocrator” of the first patristic period, and God “The Almighty” to Whom He was reduced by the arian and nestorian heresies which denied the Resurrection as God’s omnipotence. The confession of the trinitarian consubstantiality in the Creed was completed by Saint Cyril of Alexandria by showing to advantage the godly profoundness in Christ through the Incarnation. As the Nicene Symbol did not answer the purpose of saving God’s transcendence and omnipotence of the Law, but accomplishing the Light of Christ under the Cross, by which the profoundness opens the heavens. The profoundness of God in Christ, confessed by Origen, as truth under the letter of the Scripture, was discovered in the West by H. de Lubac who, based upon Origen’s spirituality, founded in 1943 the Sources Chrétiennes collection. In the paper, it is also put into discussion the Orthodox meaning of Pantocrator, which in the East signifies “Omnipotent”, but Which the scholastics translated by “Almighty”, term integrated into legal categories. Saint Cyril of Alexandria made evident the unique role of the Mother of God in bearing testimony to Christ as God.


Arhid. prof. univ. dr. Ioan Caraza – Facultatea de Teologie Ortodoxă „Justinian
Patriarhul” din București; e-mail: ioan.caraza@gmail.com