Title: The National Order of the Star of Romania – 1st Class (Collar). Past and present
Author: Răzvan Mihai Clipici
Abstract: Ordinul Național „Steaua României” este cea mai veche și mai înaltă distincție oferită de statul român. Acest ordin a simbolizat încă de la instituirea lui ideea de independență și de suveranitate a poporului român. El a fost înființat pentru a cinsti jertfele ostașilor de pe frontul de luptă, dar și pentru a onora pe cei ce au luptat cu armele spiritului pentru interesul poporului român, pe timp de pace sau de război. În prezent gradul de Colan este cel mai înalt grad din cele șase ale acestui ordin.
Keywords: national orders, decorations, Star of Romania, Collar class, independence, sovereignty
Summary: The National Order of the „Star of Romania” is the highest distinction awarded by the Romanian state. His history is over 150 years old. The Order of the Union, the precursor of the Order of the Star of Romania, was instituted by Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza in 1864 to symbolize the desire for independence of the Romanian people. As the Romanian Principalities were still under Ottoman suzerainty, this order could not be created by law, but it was occasionally granted by the prince as a personal gift. Subsequently, after the proclamation of the Romanian state’s independence, King Carol I instituted by royal decree, on 10 May 1877, the National Order of the Star of Romania which replaced the Order of the Union created by Alexandru Ioan Cuza, with slight alterations. The law creating the National Order of the Star of Romania, is considered as a first act of sovereignty, after the declaration of the country’s independence from the Ottoman Empire. Under King Carol II, the Order was reorganized, and after the instauration of the communist regime in Romania, the Order of the Star of Romania was abolished in 1948. Following the demise of the communist regime in Romania, in 1998 an Urgency ordinance reinstated the National Order of the Star of Romania, which was subsequently consecrated by Law no. 77 of 7 May 1999. Currently this order is the highest decoration of Romania. It is awarded to both Romanian and foreign citizens, as a token of appreciation for exceptional civil or military
service to the Romanian state and people, during times of peace or war. The National Order of the Star of Romania has six ranks, with the Collar rank added to the other ones. The National Order of the Star of Romania has been awarded to several hierarchs of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The Collar rank, which is the highest, was awarded to Patriarch Teoctist Arăpașu (post mortem) and His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel, on 22 July 2021, on his 70th anniversary, in recognition of his pastoral, missionary, cultural, social and charitable activity.
Răzvan Mihai Clipici – Director al Componentei Cultură, Sectorul „Cultură și
Patrimoniu Religios” al Administrației Patriarhale; e-mail: email@example.com