2018 - Commemorative Year of the 1918 Great Union Founders
The address delivered by His Beatitude Daniel, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, opening the autumn session of the Pastoral-missionary Conference – Bucharest, the Palace of the Patriarchate, 6 November 2018 7
Pastoral letter of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church for the first Sunday in the Lord’s Nativity fast.......................................... 15
Angels and shepherds announce the joy of the Lord’s Nativity
Pastoral letter of His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel for the feast of Lord’s Nativity.......................................................................................... 27
Consecration of the bells of the National Cathedral (3 September) - Archdeacon Ștefan Sfarghie........................... 37
Education – light for life and joy for the Centennial
Address of His Beatitude Daniel, Patriarch of Romania, for the beginning of the new school year 2018-2019............... 42
The 11th National Congress of the education campaign „Christ Shared to the Children” (17-19 September) - Archdeacon Ștefan Sfarghie..................... 44
The consecration of a princely foundation – the church of Măxineni Monastery, Brăila county (25 September) - Alexandru Briciu................................. 48
The 11th anniversary of the enthronement of His Beatitude Daniel as Patriarch of Romania (30 September)- Archdeacon Ştefan Sfarghie, Pr. Sorin-Vasile Tancău 56
The feast of Blessed Paraskevi, the patron saint and protectress of Moldavia, celebrated in the year of the Union’s Centennial (14 October)
Tudorel Rusu, Bogdan-Gabriel Rădășanu...................... 65
The pilgrimage for the feast of Blessed Demetrios the New, the Patron Saint and Protector of Bucharest (25-29 October) - Ioan Bușagă, Alexandru Briciu............... 83
Events dedicated to the Consecration of the Altar of the National Cathedral (23-25 November) - Marinel Laurențiu Marcu................... 124
The National Cathedral – a practical liturgical necessity and a token of reverence for Romanian heroes
† Daniel, Patriarch of Romania..................................... 169
The priests and deacons who participated in the religious services officiated for the consecration of the National Cathedral (24 November – 1 December 2018) 177
The situation of pilgrims who attended the consecration services of the National Cathedral.......................... 189
The Parliament holds solemn session dedicated to the Great Union Centennial (28 November) - Alexandru Briciu....................... 316
The first celebration of the Holy Apostle Andrew, Protector of Romania, at the National Cathedral (30 November) - Archdeacon Ștefan Sfarghie.............. 319
Centennial celebrations in the city of the Great Union (1 December) - Ștefan Mărculeț................. 339
Saint Nicholas – a teacher of inconspicuous almsgiving
The address delivered by His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel for the tenth edition of the cultural-artistic event „Saint Nicholas in the midst of children”, organized by the Education and Youth Activities Department of the Archdiocese of Bucharest, in Aula Magna „Patriarch Teoctist” – the Palace of the Patriarchate, 5 December 2018........................ 353
„The Holy Trinity” Cathedral in Arad – joyful celebration of the Great Union Centennial
The address of His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel on the consecration of the painting of archdiocesan cathedral „The Holy Trinity” - Arad (9 December)......... 358
The consecration of the new church of „Sfânta Maria [The Holy Virgin Mary]” Monastery -Techirghiol (9 December) - Alexandru Briciu............................... 362
The message of His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel addressed to Bucharest medical personalities attending the event „100 years of Modern Medicine in the Capital of United Romania”, organized by the Romanian Patriarchate with the support of Bucharest City Hall through the Administration of Monuments and Touristic Patrimony – the Palace of the Patriarchate (13 December 2018) 368
Celebrating the nameday of His Beatitude Daniel, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (17 December) - Alexandru Briciu, Marinel Laurențiu Marcu................ 370
The consecration of the administrative headquarters of the Archdiocese of Bucharest (21 December) - Archdeacon Ştefan Sfarghie............. 386
The work agenda of the Patriarch of Romania
The work agenda of His Beatitude Daniel, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (1 September - 31 December 2018).............. 395
The self-sacrifice of the authors of Romania’s Union – grounds for preserving the unity of faith and nation in today’s world - Arhimandrite Assoc. Prof. dr. Vasile Miron........................ 427
The so-called „Kathismata prayers” (a brief historical-liturgical presentation) - Deacon lecturer dr. Nicolae Preda............................... 444
Romanian orthodox Diaspora
Romanian Folk Traditions Festival and the Patronal Feast of Blessed Paraskevi church, celebrated at Gyula (13-14 October)
The press office of the Romanian Orthodox Diocese of Gyula 471
The Royal family visited the Romanian parish in Zagreb (7 November) - Alexandru Briciu............................ 477
Orthodoxy in dialogue
The fifth edition of the International Meeting of Orthodox Youth (ITO) (6-9 September) - Ștefan Mărculeț......................................................... 483
Visit paid by His Eminence Naum, Metropolitan of Ruse, to the Romanian Patriarchate (11 September) - Pr. Vasile-Sorin Tancău, Alexandru Briciu.................. 500
Presentation visit to the Romanian Patriarchate of Her Excellency Ms Isabel Rauscher, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Austria to Romania (21 September)
The press office of the Romanian Patriarchate............. 505
Meeting of the Consultative Council of Religious Denominations in Romania (2 October) - Alexandru Briciu, Iulian Dumitraşcu.......................... 507
Visit to the Romanian Patriarchate of Her Excellency Ms Tamar Samash, ambassador of Israel to Romania (4 December) - The press office of the Romanian Patriarchate............. 512
The Church’s contribution to the Great Union of 1 December 1918 - Pr. Mircea Păcurariu................................................... 517
2018 - Anul comemorativ al făuritorilor Marii Uniri din 1918
Sfântul Sinod al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române a proclamat anul 2018 drept Anul omagial al unității de credință și de neam și Anul comemorativ al făuritorilor Marii Uniri din 1918. Biserica Ortodoxă Română a avut o contribuție majoră la promovarea conștiinței unității spirituale a neamului românesc. Ea a cultivat în sufletele credincioșilor români conștiința că au aceeași obârșie, ca neam, aceeași limbă neolatină şi aceeași credință creștină. Mihai Eminescu a numit Biserica Ortodoxă Română „maica spirituală a neamului românesc, care a născut unitatea limbii și unitatea etnică a poporului” (Timpul, 14 august 1882, în: Mihai Eminescu, Opere, vol. 13, Bucureşti, Ed. Academiei, 1989, pp. 168-169).
Cuvântul Preafericitului Părinte Daniel, Patriarhul Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, în cadrul Conferinței pastoral-misionare de toamnă de la București, 6 noiembrie 2018, Palatul Patriarhiei.
Preafericitul Părinte Daniel, Patriarhul Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, este membru de onoare al Academiei Române și autor a zeci de lucrări și peste 1.ooo de studii și articole în periodicele din țară și străinătate.
CATEDRALA NAŢIONALĂ – o necesitate liturgică practică şi un simbol al cinstirii eroilor români/The National Cathedral – A practical liturgical need and a symbol in honour of Romanian Heroes - † DANIEL, Patriarhul României
The old patriarchal cathedral on the Hill of the Metropolis in Bucharest was built as a monastery church during 1656-1658 by Prince Constantin Șerban Basarab. In 1658, at the time when the monastery’s church was consecrated in honour of the Holy Emperors Constantine and Helen by Patriarch Macarios III Zaim of Antioch, there were only three hierarchs in Wallachia: Wallachia’s Metropolitan Stefan I in Bucharest, Bishop Ignatie in Râmnic, and Bishop Serafim in Buzău. Ten years after the consecration, through a princely chrysobull issued by Ruler Prince Radu Leon in 1668, the monastery located on the Winegrowers’ Hill was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan Cathedral. Thus, this church became the place where, in the presence of Wallachia’s ruler princes, and later of Romania’s Kings, the assembly of hierarchs headed by the country’s Metropolitan officiated Te Deum services on various important occasions such as the 1859 Union of the Romanian Principalities, the Proclamation of Romania’s state independence (1877), the establishment of the Kingdom of Romania (1881). Furthermore, the old Metropolitan Cathedral is linked to the most important ecclesiastical events in the life of our Church: the obtaining of the Autocephaly by the Romanian Orthodox Church (1885), and its elevation to the rank of Patriarchate in 1925, when the same cathedral became a temporary Patriarchal Cathedral. The Unification of the Romanian Principalities in 1859 entailed a unitary organization of church structures in Moldavia and Wallachia within the Holy Synod (1872), thus the assembly of hierarchs increased to 12 members, including the Primate Metropolitan as Chairman, the Metropolitan of Moldavia and their suffragan bishops of Râmnic, Buzău, Argeș, and namely Roman, Huși and Lower Danube (Galați) – established in 1864 – as well as one auxiliary bishop for every diocese. Ever since the old Metropolitan Cathedral proved to be overcrowded especially on main church or national celebrations, as well as at other solemn moments such as the Proclamation of the Kingdom of Romania and the crowning of Romania’s First King Carol I (May 10, 1881), when none of the over one hundred churches in Bucharest at that time was sufficiently large to welcome all those who wished to participate in the services officiated on the occasion of the solemnities. Therefore, at King Carol I’s desire, Romania’s Assembly of Deputies and the Senate voted in favour of the Law no. 1750 on the construction of the Cathedral Church in Bucharest, promulgated by King Carol I on June 5, 1884, and for which he provided from the state budget the sum of 5,000,000 gold lei. In addition, Mihai Eminescu and Ioan Slavici were among the first Romanian intellectuals who launched and supported the idea of building the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral in Bucharest as a token of gratitude to God after the 1877-1878 Independence War. At the end of the First World War and following the 1918 Great Union, the name of the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral was kept as an expression of gratitude or thankfulness to God for delivering or freeing the Romanian nation of oppression and estrangement, but also ‘for the completion of the country within its natural borders.’ Following the 1918 Great Union, the Holy Synod of the Orthodox Church in the Kingdom of Greater Romania included 22 members, namely all hierarchs from the Romanian provinces: Wallachia, Moldavia, Bukovina, Transylvania, Banat, and Bessarabia. As Primate Metropolitan of the Greater Romania, Miron Cristea resumed the efforts to build the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral. At his request, King Ferdinand I addressed the Holy Synod with a royal chrysobull on May 10, 1920, in which he announced his decision to build a monumental Cathedral in Bucharest in memory of the victory of Romanian armies in the War for the Completion of the Romanian nation. On October 12, 1921, Miron Cristea addressed the mayor of Bucharest, asking for ‘a wide and adequate space’ for the construction of the Cathedral. On November 27, 1925, only a few days after his enthronement as Patriarch, Miron Cristea received the approval of Prime Minister Ionel I. C. Brătianu to initiate the necessary steps to build the new cathedral. Public debates took place to establish the site of the new cathedral, which was finally established at the base of the Metropolitan Hill, in the former Bibescu Vodă Square. On May 11, 1929, ten years after the Great Union, the blessing service for the construction site of the new cathedral was held in the presence of representatives of the Royal Regency, of Queen Marie, the members of the Government and the National Army, with Patriarch Miron Cristea blessing a cross to mark the place of the future altar. Since Patriarch Miron’s efforts were often blocked, during 1932-1935 he decided to renovate and paint the old Metropolitan Cathedral, temporarily transforming it into a Patriarchal Cathedral: ‘until favourable economic circumstances allow the realization of the idea to build a great Church of the People’s Salvation, as thanksgiving to the Compassionate God for the completion of the country in its natural borders,’ as he wanted to be written in the inscription placed above the entrance door of the old Cathedral. Unfortunately, the steps made by Patriarch Miron stopped there, because the country plunged into a strong economic crisis that lasted for the next years. Patriarch Miron died on March 6, 1939, together with this unfulfilled dream that he left as legacy to his descendants. Better times for the country did not come immediately, because on September 1, 1939, the Second World War broke out, grasping Romania in its whirl, whose territories of Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina, Hertza Land were seized by the Soviet ultimatum of June 22, 1940, as well as North Transylvania following the Vienna Diktat of August 30, 1940, and the Southern Dobrudja (Cadrilater) was ceded to Bulgaria on September 7, 1940. The hard decades of the atheist communist regime followed, when thousands of believers, priests and monastics were arrested, judged, and sentenced to harsh years of prison, which many did not survive. The project of the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral became a closed matter. In addition, implementing an aggressive urban planning system in Bucharest inspired by the architecture of foreign socialist regimes caused inestimable destruction of the historical and architectural heritage by demolishing old monuments, including some indicative churches and monasteries of our historical past. After 1990, through the care of Patriarch Teoctist of blessed memory, the project of building the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral came to life again after a silence of 45 years, bringing new arguments in its support along with those previously formulated: honouring the ancestors who sacrificed themselves for the faith and unity of the nation, and the heroes who gave their life in December 1989 for the liberation of the country from dictatorship and atheism, as well as those who suffered the unprecedented terror in communist prisons and concentration camps. However, Patriarch Teoctist’s efforts were greatly hindered by continuous delays in determining the site of the new Cathedral, although Bucharest was the only European capital city that did not have a representative cathedral. The final location of the Cathedral was established in 2005 on the former Arsenal Hill, on 13 Septembrie Ave, behind the Palace of the Parliament. This location was recommended by the Municipal Council after three other locations were proposed at different stages (Unirii Square in 1999, Alba-Iulia Square in 2001, and Carol Park in 2004). Because of the lack of alternative, the Romanian Patriarchate accepted this location, although it offers the Cathedral a reduced visibility, due to the immensity of the People’s House, the current headquarters of the Romanian Parliament. The Romanian Patriarchate accepted this site as a moral repair or ‘a resurrection light’ for the five ‘crucified’ churches, three of which were demolished (Alba Postăvari, Spirea Veche, and the Life-giving Spring Church), and two were translated by the communist regime to build the People’s House on their place (Nuns Hermitage, Mihai Vodă). The construction of this Cathedral took place in a difficult period of economic crisis and a crisis in the construction field, but we have always kept the belief that its construction is a sign of hope both for the companies that worked directly or indirectly, and for the thousands of workers on the National Cathedral’s construction site, who in a period of crisis had a safe salary thanks to this building. The National Cathedral’s architecture provides a cruciform liturgical space with a Latin cross-shaped plan, having a longer main descending arm representing the journey of believers towards the Kingdom of God, symbolized by the iconostasis. The Orthodox iconostasis also called catapetasma or temple is not a separating wall but rather a bridge of communication and communion between the altar and the nave, between heaven and earth, between eternity and time, a memorial of the history of salvation and a prophetic anticipation of the Kingdom of Heavens offered to humankind. As an image of Christ’s Church in the Kingdom of Heaven, the shining iconostasis of the National Cathedral shows that Christ is at the same time together with the Saints in the glory of the Kingdom of Heaven, but also in humility on earth together with the believers who pray in His Church. Today’s event of the consecration of the National Cathedral helps us understand that it is a permanent duty of us all to highlight the major symbols and values of the Romanian nation. We need symbols because we have to foster our people’s communion. The well-known ‘balance of the Romanian people,’ settled, as Mihai Eminescu said, ‘as an edge of separation between the storm coming from the West meeting the storm of the East,’ has generated a great power of cultural synthesis, describing our national identity, which Father Stăniloae defined as ‘a conjunction of Latin character with the spirit of Orthodox Christianity.’ This truth was confirmed by His Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew in 1995 through the following words: ‘We are amazed and an unutterable admiration is born in us because almost one thousand years after the martyrdom of Saint Sava (†372), the population of these lands, after countless misfortunes and persecutions, has preserved its Orthodox faith and the Latin language. It is a real miracle of history. Given the present size of the Church of Romania, we are powerless to explain how this great Orthodox nation came out of the darkness of history in the fourteenth century to ensure the entire humankind that it had survived as a unitary nation, although almost unknown for whole centuries. As a new Ulysses returned to Ithaca, escaping traps and dangers, the Romanian people returned to the light of history avoiding cultural alienation and its assimilation by other foreign peoples. Maybe the secret of this miracle lies in the strong and unwavering faith of this people.’ This ascertainment by His Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, which in fact is a eulogy to the preservation of the identity of the Romanian Christian people, indicates that endurance through steadfast faith in the face of all evil is a factor of unity and spiritual strength that helps us cultivate and promote the national continuity, unity and identity in dialogue and cooperation. The edification and the consecration of the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral is in fact the fulfilment of an ideal, which we have received from our worthy ancestors as a mandate together with the Holy Synod, the clergy and the believers, while the achievement of this ideal has acquired real content, in particular, through the manifestation of the solidarity of all the hierarchs of the Holy Synod in supporting this project, both by adopting the necessary synodal resolutions and by continuing to raise money for the Church National Fund. Today, at the consecration of the National Cathedral, we wish to thank all the hierarchs of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, who are our concelebrants and fellow-shepherds in the Romanian people’s Church of Christ. We also thank all the clergy, all monastics, and believers of the Romanian Orthodox Church from home and abroad for their spiritual and material support in this work of our Church. We share our paternal blessings and we urge them to keep the true faith and entreat God to help us complete all the works at the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral, including its iconography. We hope that next year, in 2019, we will consecrate the Chapel at the Cathedral’s basement, and that in three years we will complete and consecrate the entire iconographic vestment of the National Cathedral. We owe special thanks to state authorities who have supported the building of the Romanian People’s Salvation Cathedral: the Governments of Romania from 2011-2018, the City Council of Bucharest, other local councils in Bucharest and in the country, as well as several County Councils. We also thank all the benefactors and sponsors for their support offered for the fulfillment of this Romanian ideal in this year full of significance when we celebrate the Centennial of Greater Romania. We pray to our Saviour Jesus Christ to help us use this fulfillment as a luminous moment of blessing and joy for the fortification of the faith and of brotherly love, bearing in mind that celebrating a Church event can also be a moment of mission renewal, of spiritual refreshment for a new beginning for the glory of God and the salvation of humankind!
Preafericitul Părinte DANIEL, Patriarhul Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, este membru de onoare al Academiei Române și autor a zeci de lucrări și peste 1.ooo de studii și articole în periodicele din țară și străinătate.
Manifestările dedicate Sfințirii Altarului Catedralei Naționale (23-25 noiembrie)/
Events dedicated to the Consecration of the Altar of the National Cathedral - Marinel Laurențiu MARCU
The Altar of the Cathedral of National Salvation was consecrated on Sunday, 25 November, by His Holiness Bartholomew, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and His Beatitude Daniel, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, alongside numerous Romanian and foreign Orthodox bishops. The holy service was attended by tens of thousands of worshippers coming from all over Romania and abroad. The series of events dedicated to this historic moment began on Friday, 23 November, at the Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, where His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel met His Holiness Bartholomew, the Ecumenical Patriarch, and the delegation of the Orthodox Church of Greece, led by His Eminence Chrysostomos, Metropolitan of Patras, who brought a reliquary containing the right hand of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First Called, the Protector and Patron Saint of Romania. On the eve of the Consecration of the Altar of the Cathedral of National Salvation, Saturday 24 November, the events continued at Cotroceni Palace with a meeting between His Holiness Bartholomew, the Ecumenical Patriarch, His Beatitude Patriarch Daniel and His Excellency Klaus Iohannis, the President of Romania, followed by the solemn meeting of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church which took place in the Synod Hall of the Patriarchal Residence in Bucharest, and the first memorial service for the national heroes, celebrated in the National Cathedral and officiated by the Patriarch of Romania together with a synaxis of Romanian bishops, priests and deacons.
The religious services continued in the morning of the next day, Sunday 25 November, culminating with the consecration of the Altar of the National Cathedral and the celebration of the first Holy Liturgy in this new Cathedral, in the presence of numerous guests from all eparchies of the Romanian Orthodox Church, representatives of the central and local state authorities, academics, scholars, and thousands of pilgrims – both clergymen and laypersons – from Romania and abroad. The consecration of the National Cathedral, dedicated to the „Lord’s Ascension” and „The Holy Apostle Andrew”, was officiated by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, the Patriarch of Romania and the Metropolitan of Patras, together with a synaxis of Romanian and foreign bishops, and the liturgical responses were chanted by the Psaltic Music Choir „Tronos” of the Patriarchal Cathedral, conducted by archdeacon protopsaltis Mihail Bucă. Following the consecration service, His Grace Varlaam Ploieșteanul – Patriarchal Vicar Bishop and secretary of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, solemnly read out the Tomos of Consecration of the National Cathedral, signed by the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, Patriarch Daniel and all the other celebrant hierarchs.
The historic moment when the Altar of the National Cathedral was consecrated, in the year of the 100th anniversary of the Great Union, was followed the first Liturgy in the new Cathedral, officiated by the the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and Patriarch Daniel of Romania, together with a synaxis of 60 Romanian and foreign bishops. At the end of the Holy Liturgy, after the speeches of hierarchs and the exchange of gifts offered to each other, Romania’s Patriarch announced that the relics of Saint Andrew and Saint Catherine had been brought into the National Cathedral and invited the faithful to venerate the newlyconsecrated Holy Altar. The events in honor of the consecration of the new National Patriarchal Cathedral’s Altar concluded in the evening of 25 November, with a extraordinary performance entitled „United by the Centennial”, organized at Palace Hall [Sala Palatului] in Bucharest, by BASILICA Media Centre of the Romanian Patriarchate.
Marinel Laurențiu Marcu – secretar de redacție în cadrul Departamentului Editurile Patriarhiei, Revista Biserica Ortodoxă Română; Doctorand în cadrul Şcolii de Studii Avansate a Academiei Române E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Jertfa făuritorilor unirii românilor – temei al păstrării unităţii de credință şi de neam în contextul actual/ The self-sacrifice of the authors of Romania’s Union – grounds for preserving the unity of faith and nation in today’s world - Arhim. Vasile MIRON
Keywords: sacrifice, ideal, Romanian, union, faith, culture, heroes, nation.
Idealul înfăptuirii unităţii şi identităţii naţionale a fost punctul de referinţă al luptei şi faptei poporului român. Acest ideal, întemeiat pe conştiinţa apartenenţei românilor la acelaşi teritoriu, la aceeaşi origine, la aceeaşi religie şi la aceleaşi tradiţii, obiceiuri şi limbă, a însufleţit poporul nostru de-a lungul întregii sale istorii bimilenare. În slujba împlinirii acestei aspiraţii nobile s-a dăruit poporul român cu toată truda, abnegaţia şi jertfelnicia, înscriind de-a lungul istoriei sale pagini glorioase de dimensiuni epopeice.
The ideal of national unity is based on the consciousness of our community of origin, nation, language and faith, as this consciousness has been passed down from generation to generation and continuously enhanced by the manifold ties – economical, political, cultural and religious – which along the centuries have tightly knitted together the Romanian people inhabiting this ancestral land.
The great tribulations met by our people throughout its history, never discouraged it and never diminished its hope and belief that its ideal would come true. We have known hardships that never broke us, we have known defeats and distress that never diminished our faith, we had to make sacrifices but we never hesitated. This resilience in face of all transient adversities has been due to the fact that we, the Romanians, have always possessed the consciousness of our national unity, and awareness that it could only be achieved through sustained efforts, sacrifices and unwavering belief in God’s mercy and help.
The consciousness of our unity of faith has been intertwined with that of our national unity, ever since the times of our ethnogenesis. This supreme goal has always been pursued. This ideal was achieved with the contribution of the great personalities of our people: enlightened rulers, erudite hierarchs and patriots, renowned historians and talented writers. Some were founders of holy places of worships, others were enlightened leaders of our nation, and all contributed substantially to the shaping of our language, our culture and our Romanian Orthodox spirituality. Our ancestral land, bequeathed to us thanks to the heroic sacrifice of our predecessors, has been the cradle of national, cultural and religious growth.
Arhimandritul Vasile MIRON - conferențiar universitar doctor în cadrul
Facultății de Teologie a Universității „Ovidius” din Constanţa
Aşa-numitele „rugăciuni ale Catismelor” - (scurtă prezentare istorico-liturgică)/The so-called „Kathismata prayers” (a brief historical-liturgical presentation) - Pr. Nicolae PREDA
Keywords: Psalter, prayers, liturgical manuscripts, anchorites, monastic tradition, liturgical provinces
Obiceiul citirii așa-numitelor „rugăciuni ale Catismelor” este, în opinia lui Ciril Korolevskij, una dintre uzanțele foarte vechi şi de sorginte monahală (întâlnită la început la anahoreţi) din Biserica noastră. Denumite rugăciuni „ale catismelor” (ori „rugăciuni ale antifoanelor”, ca în tradiţia constantinopolitană), aceste rugăciuni comportau structuri diferite în funcţie de cele două tradiţii liturgice determinante, cea ierusalimiteană şi cea constantinopolitană, fapt pentru care voi încerca să redau câteva dintre trăsăturile caracteristice ale acestora.
The practice of uttering the so-called „Kathismata prayers”, according to Cyrille Korolevskij, is known as very old and is known to have started in the monastic milieus in our Church, as it was originally performed by hermits. Known as „Kathismata prayers” (or „prayers of the antiphons” in the Constantinopolitan tradition), because they would usually follow each group of 20 Kathismata of the Psalter Book (or the Constantinopolitan „antiphons”), these prayers had various structures depending on the two main liturgical traditions – that of Jerusalem and that of Constantinople, respectively.
As far as today’s practice is concerned (a true continuation of the old anchorite practices),we note the old „custom” of some Moldavian monasteries (such as
Sihăstria Monastery), where the reading of the Psalter and the so-called „Kathismata prayers” are a daily liturgical practice, a true „incessant prayer”.
Pr. Nicolae PREDA - este lector universitar doctor la Catedra Teologie Liturgică, Facultatea de Teologie Ortodoxă „Justinian Patriarhul”, București
Locație : București, România
E-mail : email@example.com